After installing FreeBSD, one of the first things you'll want to do is update the system.
First check for and fetch any available updates:
Next install any downloaded updates:
If kernel components were updated then reboot the system. If only userland components were updated then depending on what was updated you may not need reboot.
To automatically check for these updates, add the following to root's crontab
The cron command:
Sleep a random amount of time between 1 and 3600 seconds, then download updates as if the fetch command was used. If updates are downloaded, an email will be sent to root
When you receive an email notifying you that and update was downloaded, login to the system and install the updates
If you would like to configure FreeBSD to send email notifications to an external email system such as Gmail, then refer to this article: Forward Mail to Gmail
To check version of both kernel and userland:
-k Print the version and patch level of the installed kernel. Unlike uname(1), if a new kernel has been installed but the system has not yet rebooted, freebsd-version will print the version and patch level of the new kernel. -u Print the version and patch level of the installed userland. These are hardcoded into freebsd-version during the build.